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SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES

Sexually transmitted diseases are among the most frequently neglected infections in developing countries. Every year millions of new cases are seen in the world. As a result of sexually transmitted diseases, many couples may experience infertility and may also suffer from chronic diseases such as HIV and hepatitis b and c. Sexually transmitted diseases are not normally found in the vaginal flora (ie, there is no carrier in the vagina without disease), so they must be taken from outside to make the disease. The most important way to prevent sexually transmitted diseases is to use condoms and to pay attention to personal hygiene.

Chlamydia and gonorrhea are common sexually transmitted diseases involving female reproductive and urinary tracts. The probability of coexistence is 40-50%. Inguinal pain, vaginal and external urinary tract discharge are the most common syptoms. These two infections can cause infertility in the female reproductive system, especially by holding the egg channels (tubes), causing adhesions and clogging. In addition, with these two germs and other associated germs, can cause serious infections leading to abscess formation around the egg channels and ovaries. Although oral antibiotics are sufficient for mild infections, hospitalization, intravenous antibiotic therapy and even surgery may be required for further infections.

Another common disease is genital warts (condylomas) caused by HPV (a virus). HPV is a virus with more than 140 varieties. Although it can be seen in many parts of the body, it is more common in external sexual organs. Although it is usually transmitted through sexual intercourse and close contact, it can also be transmitted by the joint use of personal belongings.

They cause warts of various sizes similar to the cauliflower in both the male and female external reproductive system. HPV types that cause warts, although they do not cause cervical cancer but can seen together, cervical cancer screening test (pap smear) should be done in patients with warts. In the treatment of warts, cremation and freezing are often used, but some long-term creams are also available. There is always a risk of recurrence after treatment.